2021考研up和你一起每天50个大纲单词day48

2023年 2月 21日 0 作者 gong2022

up会在每天6点准时发出专栏,每个单词都会给出它的词性和释义并尽量给出它的例句和词根词缀及其逻辑,每个例句均来自柯林斯词典。如有发现错误欢迎向up指正。如果有什么意见或者考研方面之类的问题或交流,欢迎随时私信up,up会在看到的第一时间回复大家~同时也欢迎大家加入up的21考研群(1064773258),一起每天打卡,一起加油,奥里给!

1???? hotel???????

n.旅馆

We?had?dinner?in?the?hotel's?restaurant.?

我们在这家宾馆的餐厅吃了晚饭。

2???? hound????

n.猎狗;卑鄙的人

Rainey's chief interest in life is hunting with hounds.

雷尼生活的最大爱好就是带着猎狗去打猎。

vt.用猎狗追,追逐

There is a general view around that he has been hounded out of office by the press.

人们普遍认为他不堪舆论压力被迫离职。

3???? hour??????

n.小时,钟点;时刻;课时,工作时间

They waited for about two hours…

他们等了约两小时。

4???? house?????

n.房屋;商业机构;[H-]议院

She has moved to a smaller house.

她已经搬进了一所小一些的房子。

v.给…房子住

Part III of the Housing Act 1985 imposes duties on local authorities to house homeless people…

1985年《住房法案》的第三部分要求地方政府为无家可归者提供住所。

5???? household?????

n.家庭,家人

…growing up in a male-only household…

在一个只有男性的家庭里长大

a.家庭(务)的,家常的,家喻户晓的

Today, fashion designers are household names…

今天,时装设计师是家喻户晓的人物。

6???? housewife??????

n.家庭主妇

…a 42-year-old housewife from Brisbane.

来自布里斯班的42岁家庭主妇

7???? housework???

n.家务,家事(不可数)

I?discovered?an?addiction?to?housework?which?I?had?never?felt?before.?

我发现自己迷上了做家务,之前我从没有这种感觉。

【后缀】-work 表名词

①物质或材料制作的物品

②活动,工作

house 家里 + work 工作 → 家务

8???? housing?

n.住房,住房供给;(外、阀)壳,防护罩

…a shortage of affordable housing…

保障房的短缺

9???? hover????

vi.(鸟)盘旋,翱翔,(人)逗留在附近徘徊

Beautiful butterflies hovered above the wild flowers…

美丽的蝴蝶在野花上方飞舞。

10??? how?

ad.1.(表示方法、手段、状态)怎样;如何

How do I make payments into my account?…

我如何向自己的账户付款?

11??? however?

ad.然而,可是,不过,无论如何

However we adopt healthcare reform, it isn't going to save major amounts of money…

不管我们采取何种医疗改革措施,都省不下太多钱。

conj.无论

12??? howl???????

n.怒吼,嗥叫

vi.(风等)怒吼,咆哮

Somewhere in the streets beyond a dog suddenly howled, baying at the moon.

远处的街上,有只狗突然对月长嚎起来。

13??? huddle????

n./v.拥挤;聚集

We lay there: a huddle of bodies, gasping for air…

我们横七竖八地挤作一团躺在那里,大口喘着气。

Tired and lost, we huddled together…

我们疲惫不堪,又迷了路,于是大家都挤在一起。

v.(因寒冷、害怕而)缩成一团

She huddled inside the porch as she rang the bell…

她按门铃时身子在门廊里缩成一团。

14??? hug?

v./n.热烈拥抱,紧抱

She had hugged him exuberantly and invited him to dinner the next day…

她兴高采烈地拥抱了他,并邀请他第二天一起吃晚饭。

15??? huge??????

a.巨大的,庞大的

…a tiny little woman with huge black glasses…

戴着一副硕大黑框眼镜的娇小女子

16??? hum?

v.哼曲子;发嗡嗡声;忙碌

The birds sang, the bees hummed…

鸟儿叫,蜂儿鸣。

n.嗡嗡声,嘈杂声

17??? human???

a.人的,人类的

…the human body.

人体

n.人

Its rate of growth was fast — much more like that of an ape than that of a human.

它的发育速度很快——更像猿,而不像人。

【词根】hum

①= earth 土,地

②= moist 湿

③= man 人

18??? humanity?????

? n.人类,人性,人情;(pl.)人文科学

They face charges of committing crimes against humanity.

他们被控犯有反人类罪。

【后缀】-icity, -ity 表名词,“具备某种性质,状况”

human 人,人类 + ity 具备某种性质,状况 → 人类;人性

19??? humble???

a.谦卑的,恭顺的;地位低下的

He gave a great performance, but he was very humble…

他的表演非常出色,但他却很谦虚。

v.降低,贬低

Ted's words humbled me…

特德的话让我感到自惭。

【词根】hum

①= earth 土,地

hum 土,地 + ble → 面朝地面的,低头的 → 谦恭的

②=?moist 湿

③= man 人

20??? humid????

a.湿的,湿气重的

Visitors can expect hot and humid conditions…

游客会遇到炎热潮湿的天气状况。

【词根】hum

①= earth 土,地

②=?moist 湿

hum 湿 + id 有…性质的 → 潮湿的

③= man 人

21??? humidity

n.湿气,湿度

The heat and humidity were insufferable.

高温和潮湿让人难以忍受。

22? ?humiliation

v.使羞辱,使丢脸[同]disgrace

She faced the humiliation of discussing her husband's affair.

她面临要谈及丈夫外遇的羞辱。

23??? humor????

n.(humour)幽默,诙谐

McGrath?remembers?his?offbeat?sense?of?humor,?his?whimsical?side?

麦格拉思记得他不同寻常的幽默感和他古怪的一面。

24??? humorous?????

a.富于幽默感的,幽默的;滑稽的

He was quite humorous, and I liked that about him.

他很幽默,我喜欢他这一点。

25??? hundred?

num.百,一百;[pl.]许多

According to one official more than a hundred people have been arrested.

一名官员称有一百多人被捕。

a.一百的;许多

Hundreds of tree species face extinction…

许许多多树种濒临灭绝。

26??? hunger???

n./v.饥饿;渴望

Hunger is the body's signal that levels of blood sugar are too low…

饥饿感是身体发出的信号,表示血糖水平太低。

But Jules was not eager for classroom learning, he hungered for adventure.

但朱尔斯对坐在课堂里学习并不热心,他渴望冒险。

27??? hungry???

a.饥饿的,渴望的

My friend was hungry, so we drove to a shopping mall to get some food…

我的朋友饿了,于是我们开车去一家购物中心吃饭。

28??? hunt

v./n.打猎,猎取;(for)搜索;寻找

A forensic team was hunting for clues…

法医小组正在寻找线索。

29??? hurl

vt.猛投,力掷;大声叫骂

Groups of angry youths hurled stones at police…

成群结伙愤怒的年轻人朝警察投掷石块。

30??? hurricane???????

n.飓风

Hurricane?Andrew?was?last?night?heading?into?the?Gulf?of?Mexico.?

昨晚,飓风“安德鲁”进入了墨西哥湾。

31??? hurry??????

vi.匆忙

Claire hurried along the road…

克莱尔匆匆地沿路而行。

vt.催促;急运(派)?

n.急(匆)忙

Kate was in a hurry to grow up, eager for knowledge and experience…

凯特急于长大,渴望获取知识和经验。

32??? hurt?

n.伤痛,伤害

…feelings of hurt and anger, fear and despair…

伤心、愤怒、恐惧、绝望的复杂情感

v.刺痛,伤害;伤…的感情

His collar bone only hurt when he lifted his arm.

他的锁骨只有在抬臂时才感觉到痛。

33??? husband?

n.丈夫

Eva married her husband Jack in 1957…

伊娃和丈夫杰克于1957年结的婚。

34? ?hut

n.小屋,棚屋

The?little?prefabricated?hut?was?lifted?away?by?a?huge?crane.?

那间用预制板搭建的小棚屋被一辆大型起重机吊走了。

35??? hydrogen??????

n.氢

Carbon,?hydrogen?and?oxygen?combine?chemically?to?form?carbohydrates?and?fats?

碳、氢、氧化合形成碳水化合物和脂肪。

【词根】hydr(o)= water 水

hydro 水 + gen 产生 → 参与生成水的物质 → 氢

36??? hypocrisy???????

n.伪善,虚伪

He accused newspapers of hypocrisy in their treatment of the story…

他指责了报纸在报道该新闻时的虚伪。

【词根】crit, cris= to judge, to discern 判断, 分辨

hypo 下 + cris 判断,分辨 + y 表名词 →〔当面不说〕下面批评 → 伪善

【前缀】hypo- 下, 低;次等

37??? hypothesis?????

n.假说,假设,前提

Work will now begin to test the hypothesis in rats…

现在将开始在老鼠身上做实验以验证该假设。

【词根】thes, thet= setting 放置

hypo 下 + thes 放置 + is 表情况 → 放在下面,还不能作为正式理论 → 假说

38? ??hysterical?

a.情绪异常激动的,歇斯底里的

Police and bodyguards had to protect him as the almost hysterical crowds struggled to approach him…

当情绪几近失控的人群拼命想接近他时,警察和保镖不得不保护他。

39??? I??????

pron.(主格)我

Jim and I are getting married…

我和吉姆就要结婚了。

40??? ice???

n.冰;冰冻甜食

Glaciers are moving rivers of ice…

冰河是犹如河水般流动的巨大冰体。

vt.冰冻,使成冰

41??? ice-cream??????

n.冰淇淋

I?added?a?dollop?of?vanilla?ice-cream?to?the?pie.?

我在馅饼里加了一块香草冰激凌。

42??? idea?

n.想法,念头;概念,观念;意见,主意

Some

of his ideas about democracy are entirely his own.

他关于民主的一些观点完全是他自己的创见。

43??? ideal??????

a.理想的;空想的;理想主义的;唯心的

She decided that I was the ideal person to take over the job…

她认定我是接手这份工作的最佳人选。

n.理想

…the bohemian ideals of truth, beauty, freedom and love.

崇信真、美、自由与爱的波西米亚式理想

【词根】idea, ideo= idea 思想, 观点

44??? identical??

a.(to.with)同一的,同样的

Nearly all the houses were identical…

几乎所有的房子都一模一样。

【词根】ident= same 相同

ident 相同 + ical …的 → 一样的

45??? identification??

n.识别,鉴别;证件;认同

Early identification of a disease can prevent death and illness…

病症的及早诊断可避免死亡与病痛。

【词根】ident= same 相同

ident 相同 + ification 形成…,…化 → 辨认;鉴定;验明

【后缀】-faction, -ification 表抽象名词,“形成…,…化”,由带后缀-fy,-ify的动词转化而来

46??? identify???

v.识别,鉴别;(with)把…和…看成一样

There are a number of distinguishing characteristics by which you can identify a Hollywood epic…

好莱坞的史诗大片有着一些与众不同的特点。

【词根】ident= same 相同

47??? identity???

n.身份;本体;特征;同一(性);一致;国籍;等式

Abu is not his real name, but it's one he uses to disguise his identity…

阿布不是他的真名,是他用于伪装身份的名字。

【词根】ident= same 相同

ident 相同 + ify 使 → 认出相同的东西 → 认出,识别

48??? ideology?

n.意识形态,(政治或社会的)思想意识

…capitalist ideology.

资本主义意识形态

【词根】idea, ideo= idea 思想, 观点

ideo 思想,观点 + logy …学 → 思想的学习 → 意识形态

49??? idiom??????

n.习语;成语方言;(艺术等的)风格,特色

Proverbs and idioms may become worn with overuse…

谚语和习语会由于使用过多而变得俗套。

【词根】idio= peculiar, private 特殊的;个人的

idio 特殊的;个人的 + m → 个人经常说的话 → 惯用语

50??? idiot?

n.白痴;极蠢的人;笨蛋

I knew I'd been an idiot to stay there…

我知道我呆在这里很蠢。

【后缀】-ot 表名词,“…人”

idi〔o〕个人,特殊 + ot …人 → 特殊的个人 → 白痴